Diabetes Affects the Eyes and Vision

 

Diabetes Affects the Eyes and VisionAlthough individuals with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts at a younger age and are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as are non-diabetics, the primary vision problem caused by diabetes is diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of new cases of blindness and low vision in adults aged 20-65:

  • “Retinopathy” is a general term that describes damage to the retina.

Diabetic Retinopathy

In addition, fluid can leak into the macula, the small sensitive area in the center of the retina that provides detailed vision. This fluid can cause macular edema (or swelling), which can occur at any stage of diabetic retinopathy, although it is more likely to occur as the disease progresses.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy can include:

  • Blurred or double vision
  • Flashing lights, which can indicate a retinal detachment
  • A veil, cloud, or streaks of red in the field of vision, or dark or floating spots in one or both eyes, which can indicate bleeding
  • Blind or blank spots in the field of vision

Ocular and functional effects of diabetic retinopathy can include any or all of the following:

  • Fluctuating vision in response to changing blood glucose levels; vision can change from day-to-day, or from morning to evening
  • Blurred central vision from macular edema can interfere with reading
  • Decreased visual acuity can interfere with seeing the markings on an insulin syringe or the display on a standard blood glucose monitor
  • Irregular patches of vision loss or “blind spots” can make it difficult to judge the size of food portions on a plate.
  • Decreased depth perception, in combination with decreased visual acuity, can make it difficult to see curbs and steps, or walk to the diabetes clinic.

Read the original article on afb.org

If you are facing eye problem or eye injuries drop in at 20/20 EyeGlass Superstore we are always ready to help you anytime. We also have Independent Optometrists located on site who will be happy to examine your vision. Walk-in’s are welcome but we ask that you come 15 minutes prior to your desired appointment time.

March is International Earth Week and 20/20 Eyeglass Superstore is celebrating by creating a special deal, See the Beauty of Planet Earth with Better Vision. Stop in today for your eye examination and recycle your old eyeglasses and get $30 off the Buy-One-Get-One-Free offer with this ad. You can also ask about our daily Manager’s special.

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